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The Educational Source for Lightning Safety

L.S.A. is a non-profit, non-stock national business corporation comprised of lightning protection manufacturers, distributors and installers. Its purpose is to provide a comprehensive and focused evaluation and response to legislative, administrative and regulatory issues facing the industry. Additionally, the L.S.A. will act as an informational clearinghouse for its membership.

February 2014: A disaster relief form letter to Congress has been added to the website. 
Please click here for more information.

March 2013: LPI Shares Lightning Safety & Protection Resources as a "Force of Nature" during National Severe Weather Preparedness Week
MARYVILLE, MO., March 5, 2013 In conjunction with National Severe Weather Preparedness Week March 3-9, 2013, the Lightning Protection Institute (LPI) is reminding its members and the public to Be a Force of Nature and better prepare for severe weather threats, including the often underrated threat of lightning.  Lightning protection experts from around the U.S. recently met in Las Vegas for the annual LPI/ULPA Lightning Protection Conference and discussed ways that LPI members can Be a Force of Nature by knowing the lightning risk, taking action, spreading education and serving as an example.

To read on, please click here to visit our press section...

February 2013: A New Hotel 'Protected' by Air-Termination System ESE Goes Up In Flames
A strike of lightning, with a lightning current peak value of 111 kA, into a rod
or air-termination system ESE, situated on the roof of a hotel, was followed by
its flashover from a down-conductor system into the object's inner installation.
The hotel's roof construction went up in flames immediately afterwards. The
fire was extinguished thanks to early arrival of the units of professional and voluntary firemen. It was extremely fortunate that the hotel was shortly before its
opening and, therefore, unoccupied by any guests. The overall damage totalled
approximately 300,000 CZK. The hotel's lightning conductor had a valid inspection report. download the pdf to read more.


Size Date
A New Hotel 'Protected' by Air-Termination System ESE Goes Up in Flames 1,670 KB February 2013

April 2012
Here are three articles (the last two written by Z. A. Hartono & I Robiah) about the deadly use of streamer emission lightning rods.


Size Date
Biogas plant explosion protected early streamer emission (ESE) air terminal 896 KB March 2012
Death at the Stadium: Report on the fatal use of an early streamer emission lightning rod in Malasia 635 KB March 2012
Adventure Island: Report on the Deadly Failure of an Early Streamer Emission Lightning Rod. 657 KB April 2012

December 2011
From Nursing Home Deaths to the Destruction of Sir Richard Branson's Home, Lightning Causing Notable Losses in 2011

Fire Prevention Week Underscores Hazard of Lightning to Life and Property

HARTFORD, Conn., Oct. 13, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- As 2011's Fire Prevention Week is observed in the United States (Oct. 9 – 15), recent lightning-triggered fires here at home and abroad have highlighted the deadly impact of lightning on unprotected homes and other structures.

To read on, please click here to visit our press section...

December 2011
Deadly Weather in 2011 Fuels Demand for Technologies to Limit Nature's Destructive Force

Lightning Protection Systems Hailed as Affordable Way to Minimize Damage

HARTFORD, Conn., Oct. 28, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- At the Federal Alliance for Safe Homes (FLASH) Annual Meeting in Orlando, FL today, disaster safety leaders and weather experts described the staggering economic, human and structural impact of severe weather over the past year. Conference delegates discussed the impact of severe disasters on families and communities, strategies to enhance mitigation and adoption, and consumer communications, as well as cutting edge advances in technology. Lightning is a significant component of the destruction, causing approximately one billion dollars in damage each year with 26 deaths and many more injuries to date in 2011.

To read on, please click here to visit our press section...

November 2011
9/11 Opinion Survey Reveals Concerns about Terrorism and Natural Disasters as Americans Invest in Protection Measures to Safeguard Families and Property

HARTFORD, Conn., Nov. 10, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- With the nation set to recognize Veteran's Day amid war coverage and news about security threats, a recent 9/11 Opinion Survey shows that Americans remain very concerned about a major terrorist attack happening in the United States. The survey also revealed that Americans are spending money to better protect themselves from natural hazards like lightning and hurricanes.

To read on, please click here to visit our press section...

October 2010
Homeowners Can Prevent Costly Lightning Fires

In support of NFPA's Fire Prevention Week ---

HARTFORD, CT — October 3, 2010 /PRNewswire/ — Natural disasters can have a devastating effect on you, your home and your property. The risk of fire, especially fire associated with lightning, is often overlooked and underrated as a potential threat. Even the most safety-conscious homeowner may not have considered this risk that affects thousands of homeowners each year. Lightning associated with thunderstorms and sometimes hurricanes can pose a variety of fire hazards. The massive power of lightning’s electrical charge and intense heat can induce destructive power surges through home circuitry, burn holes in CSST gas piping, explode brick and roofing materials, and ignite house fires.

To read on, please click here to visit our press section...

June 2010
How to Pick a Lightning Protection System Podcast

From iivideo - Lightning can be a dangerous hazard to your home with a single bolt carrying as much as 30 million volts of electricity. Fortunately there are lightning protection systems available to keep your home safe. Find out how to choose the right system from the right professionals to protect yourself from disaster. Watch the video below:

Lightning Safety Awarness Week
download flyer

Date: 6/20/2010
Time: 11:30 a.m. - 1:30 p.m.
Location: MOSI’s Kids In Charge!

Radio Disney along with LPI, FLASH and the National Weather Service will host a “Search for Storm Heroes” event to kick off the 10th annual Lightning Safety Awareness Week, June 20-26, 2010. Lightning safety experts will be on hand at the MOSI Museum in Tampa, FL to share valuable lightning safety tips for children and adults.

Please make plans to join Radio Disney AM1380 for information, games, prizes, and a lot more! Let’s all help Leon the Lightning Lion in his search for storm heroes and remember...

October 2009
Public Urged to Assist with Lightning Research Project

In Support of Fire Prevention Week 2009, “Stay Fire Smart!  Don’t Get Burned!”

To participate, please click the Lightning Damage Survey or please read the press release.

June 21-27, 2009
Lightning Losses Real, Yet Preventable *In Support of National Lightning Safety Awareness Week read on and watch Video


MAY 2006
Conventional and Un-conventional Lightning
Air Terminals: An Overview by ZA Hartono and I Robiah.

The paper reviews the development of unconventional air terminals and their evaluation based on theory, laboratory and field study. The authors' extensive field study has found that 80 % of the buildings in Kuala Lumpur that have been installed with the un-conventional air terminals have at least one lightning strike damage on them.


Size Date
» Conventional and Un-conventional Lightning Air Terminals 1.8 MB 5/1/06

Federal Court Finds ESE Advertising Illegal

On October 7, 2005, the United States District Court for Arizona issued a permanent injunction, which prohibits the vendors of ESE (Early Streamer Emission) lightning rods from claiming that their gadgets have been proven to significantly extend the maximum range of protection against lightning damage beyond that afforded by NFPA 780 requirements. The Order was issued pursuant to provisions of the Lanham Act, which prohibit false advertising.

ESE vendors have traditionally offered a single or a few ESE devices and as few as one ground termination to protect a whole building. On the other hand, Standard #780 of NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) may call for dozens or even hundreds of air terminals, ground terminations at multiple locations and extensive bonding connections for such a building. The conclusion that the protective range of an ESE device does not exceed that of a Franklin rod means that the many buildings equipped with ESE systems are highly exposed to direct lightning strikes and the related risks to life and property.


Size Date
» ESE Injunction 103 KB 10/7/05
» ESE Judgement 45 KB 10/7/05

University of Florida Lightning Test House Research

The Lightning Safety Alliance is proud to coordinate and sponsor a two-year lightning protection research project at the University of Florida's International Center for Lightning Research and Testing (ICLRT). The study titled, "Triggering Lightning Testing of the Performance of Grounding Systems in Florida Sandy Soil," will be conducted by Dr. Vladimir Rakov, with assistance from Dr. Martin Uman and Keith Rampo, all of the University of Florida's Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. The study intends to measure the currents occurring in the wiring and grounding of the structure, when rocket-triggered lightning strikes the structure's lightning protection system. The system complies with UL, NFPA lightning protection requirements.

Click below to download the Research Proposal for the Univerity of Florida's Lightning Test House.


» UF Lighting Test House Proposal 4.82 MB

If you wish to request a copy of the 2004 Research Results please contact Jennifer Morgan:

AIA Continuing Education Credits for Design Professionals

The Lightning Safety Alliance is a Registered Provider with the American Institute of Architects Continuing Education System. More than 30 LSA members are trained and authorized to present our continuing education program on lightning protection. Contact Jennifer Morgan: for more information of LSA's Continuing Education Offerings or to schedule a presentation for your group or firm.

Click here to go to the LSA Education page to learn more.

Lightning Protection Lawsuit Backfires

A federal judge has dismissed with prejudice a lawsuit filed by plaintiffs Heary Brothers Lightning Protection, Lightning Preventor of America of Buffalo, NY and National Lightning Protection of Denver, CO against East Coast Lightning Equipment of CT, Thompson Lightning Protection of MN and the Lightning Protection Institute, based in IL. The Order, issued by the U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona, dismissed all claims against the defendants. The Court also granted summary judgment in favor of defendant, East Coast Lightning Equipment on its counterclaim against the plaintiffs, finding that Heary Brothers/Lightning Preventor of America and National Lightning Protection engaged in false advertising in violation of the Federal Lanham Act. The plaintiffs have indicated that they intend to appeal these rulings.

The full text of the decision can be downloaded by clicking here:
» Lightning Protection Lawsuit Rulings

GAO Evaluates Lightning Protection Systems for Federal Buildings
The objectives of this study were to determine (1) to what extent these selected federal agencies use applicable lightning protection standards to help protection buildings they own from lightning strikes; (2) how these selected federal agencies assess the need for lightning protection systems on their buildings; (3) what practices and lightning protection standards the GSA uses when leasing privately owned buildings; and (4) what data exist related to the financial impact of lightning protection and damage to the federal government.


Size Date
» GAO Report 201 KB 5/19/05

NFPA Rejects DAD/CTS Lightning Protection Systems
At its meeting of 12-14 January 2005, the Standards Council considered the request of Mr. R. Carpenter, Lightning Eliminators & Consultants, requesting that the Council establish a project to address Dissipation Array Systems (DAS), also referred to as Charge Transfer Systems (CTS). The Council has reviewed and denied similar requests on previous occasions. See Council minute items 88-39 (April 1989), 90-29b (October 1991), and 00-61 (July 2000 and January 2002).


Size Date
» Full NFPA Decision 32 KB 2/18/05

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